Having an automatic driving licence once meant you were restricted to a handful of cars, all of which weren’t very desirable. Due to the extra costs in making complicated automatic transmission and low sales, car manufacturers were reluctant to produce cars with automatic transmission. But gone are the days of the slow and boring automatic and as such, many more drivers are opting for automatic cars.
There’s now a huge selection of automatic cars, many of which are fuel efficient, responsive and fun to drive. But what exactly can you drive on an automatic licence?
What Can I Drive on an Automatic Licence?
If you have a driving licence that restricts you to vehicles with automatic transmission only, the DVLA states that you can drive any car that does not have a manual clutch to operate. These types of cars are as follows:
Traditional Automatic Transmission
The traditional fully automatic transmission has been around for many years and is what you would typically find in cheaper modern cars, or older used cars. Like manual transmission cars, these gearboxes use cogs to differentiate the gears but instead of using a clutch to change gear, they use something called a torque converter. Due to numerous improvements over the years, they have become highly reliable and offer greater fuel efficiency.
Some automatic gearboxes offer some degree of control over the gears, for example you may see the numbers 1, 2 and sometimes 3 as part of the gear selectors. On some versions, ‘1’, or ‘1st gear’ may also be labelled at ‘L’, or ‘low gear’. You would select this gear when you required maximum power, for example going up a steep hill or towing a heavy load. The gearbox will stay in this gear until you change it. Other gears such as ‘2’, or ‘2nd gear’ are useful for when moving off on a slippery surface.
You’ll also often see ‘S’ which is sports mode. When sports mode is selected, gears are held for longer, reaching higher engine speeds that allow for greater acceleration. Certain automatic cars may have ‘OD’ which stands for’ Overdrive’. This is the highest gear available and provides better fuel economy.
Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT)
In terms of how the driver operates the vehicle, there’s little difference in a CVT compared to a traditional automatic. However, a CVT system mechanically operates very differently to a traditional automatic.
Unlike the traditional automatic, a CVT does not have gears and instead uses belts and pulleys to give an unlimited range of gear ratios. Essentially there’s no gear changing and the engine is always kept at the most efficient speed. The advantage of a CVT is a much smoother ride and better fuel economy, which is why they’re often used in modern hybrid vehicles.
Many drivers that hold an automatic licence often ask whether they can legally drive a car with semi-automatic transmission. As vehicles with semi-automatic transmission do not have a manually operated clutch, then yes, you can legally drive one.
The semi-automatic transmission is also known as a paddle-shift gearbox, semi-manual transmission, clutch-less manual transmission and automated manual. Certain car manufacturers also have their own brand names for this type of transmission.
The semi-automatic transmission is essentially a manual gearbox, but where the clutch and gear changing is done automatically. This can be done fully automatically (the driver leaves the gear selector in drive) or the driver can decide when a gear is to be changed by use of paddle shifters mounted on the steering-column or a shift lever.
Semi-automatic transmissions have either a single clutch, or in modern vehicles, a dual clutch system. Dual clutch systems change gear very quickly and are used in high performance vehicles.
Unlike vehicles that have an internal combustion engine, electric vehicles do not contain a multi-speed transmission. The majority of electric cars have a single gear, with a small number having two gears – all of which are automatic.
Due to all electric cars having either no clutch or an automatic clutch, drivers holding an automatic licence can legally drive any electric vehicle.